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15/09/2020
Updated minimum equipment tables and tools for mechatronics and bodybuilders

Car maintenance and repair

 

Since 2013 (Law 224/2012) vehicle maintenance and repair activities have been grouped into three main sections: mechatronics, bodywork and tire repair

Donaldo Labò

Since 2013 (Law 224/2012) vehicle maintenance and repair activities have been grouped into three main sections: mechatronics, bodywork and tire repair. By section we mean the division of the Company Register relating to one of the activities referred to in Article 1 paragraph 3 of Law no. 122 dated 5 February 1992, as amended and supplemented.

Such definition includes activities like component replacement, modification and regeneration, as well as the installation of fixed systems and components.

The Technical Commission for the Unification of Motor Vehicles (Cuna), a Uni federal body, where representatives and experts from manufacturers, dealers, trade associations and various other stakeholders are present in the various commissions, worked on updating the minimum equipment tables and tools required for the above repair activities (previous edition:1996).

 

The previous tables - NC 195 series - had the following structure:

-NC 195-05 - general- grouped all the minimum equipment for garages, with the other tables referring to this one.

-NC 195-06, -07, -08, -09: minimum equipment of the single sections

-NC 195- from 14 to 34: minimum equipment for subsections, related to components and several vehicle types

A subsection, is defined as the part of a section in which the performance of activities in relation to the main activities or specialised activities is foreseen. Specifically, in the mechanical engineering sector there are e.g. subsections for mopeds and motorbikes, for industrial vehicles and buses, agricultural and operating machinery, power supply systems, engine grinding machines, radiators, etc.

The new structure has been considerably simplified and separated. Each of the three new tables is autonomous according to the current classifications.

After the first publication (2019) of the tire section table - NC 195-52-, the mechatronics and bodywork section tables have now been published (May 2020).

NC 195-50: mechatronics section - includes a general overview plus four subsections

-LPG-CNG-LNG plants

-car A/C recharging systems

-Electric vehicles

-Vehicles of historical interest and collector’s item

NC 195-51: bodywork section - includes a general overview (1) plus two subsections:

-Cold shrinking

-Repair and car windows replacement

In Chapter 2 "Normative References", national and/or international, the tables refer to the provisions of the current standards that all classified equipment, or other devices mentioned, are required to comply with.

Chapter 4 "Equipment" - specifies that the minimum equipment and instrumentation required for auto-repair activities is shown in Table 1, highlighting that the list is obviously not exhaustive of all existing equipment and instrumentation in the sector. The technical characteristics must correspond to the requirements indicated in the technical standards, where reported. Alternatively, similar equipment corresponding to other standards in force in the countries of the European Union, or with which there is a reciprocal relationship, is permitted, provided that its equivalence is documented.

In order to carry out the activities indicated in the subsections, it is necessary to have, in addition to the equipment shown in Table 1, also the equipment shown in the respective tables.

Updates to the mechatronics section table include new vehicle diagnostic tools in Table 1, given the progressive extension of control units and related software for many vehicle functions. In particular, the obligation to adopt a list of active safety devices as standard is gradually being applied to new cars. These are ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance System) systems, such as cruise control, lane maintenance and preventive automatic braking, devices that represent the main and most widespread automatic intervention systems, managed by monitoring instruments such as radars and cameras. These are found both at the front and rear of the vehicle (bumper, grille, windscreen, tailgate).

Radar and camera calibration systems have therefore been included among the minimum necessary equipment and tools.  The tire section table, published in 2019, already includes TPMS sensor reading and writing instruments and tire inflation pressure control systems that have become standard on new cars.

A/C recharging system subsection (Table 2) includes a recharging and diagnostic station and an optical/electronic leak detector.

The electric vehicle subsection (prospectus 3) includes: lifts and pallet for high-voltage batteries, high-voltage multimetre, removable high-voltage battery storage container.

The subsection vintage, historical and collectors' vehicles (prospectus 4) includes rev counter, exhaust gas analyser, oscilloscope and waveform analyser, endoscope, opacimeter, strobe gun for positive ignition and compression ignition engines.

Furthermore, the updates to the bodywork section include equipment/tools for the new technologies installed on vehicles (ADAS systems), in order to work in the repair and/or maintenance processes according to the necessary safety criteria. The recalibration of cameras, radars, and other devices, must be carried out in accordance with the requirements of each vehicle manufacturer.  They are therefore included in Table 1:

-electronic calibration system for driving sensors (self-levelling suspension, self-adapting headlights, and parking sensors).

-cameras and radar read/write instrument, twilight and rain sensor.

Finally, all the tables confirm the usual requirements in the final part:

-Instrumentation: those indicated must be accompanied by the relevant original use and maintenance manuals

-Conservation and state of use: equipment and instruments must be such as to guarantee correct and safe use and, where required by the user and maintenance manual, accompanied by the updated calibration register.

-Specific equipment in accordance with the law: the list is implicitly supplemented by what is required for safety at work by laws and regulations in force for the professional activity.

For work on hybrid or electric cars, for example, in compliance with current regulations (Legislative Decree 81/08) the need to possess the skills and qualifications required to work in full safety on live electrical systems must be remembered.

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